In terms of size, Western Australia (WA) is the largest state of Australia, occupying a third of the entire land mass. Two million people live in Western Australia, with 75% of these people living in Perth. The rest of Western Australia is not highly populated, with a small number of towns scattered across the state. As most people in Western Australia live in the capital city, the majority of the land remains unpopulated, and therefore is famous for its untouched beauty.
Apart from Perth, there are a few towns which make up the rest of the population. Albany is the largest town in the south of the state, with a population of approximately 30,000 people. This town is older than Perth by 3 years, being founded in 1826. The historical town of Broome is located near the Kimberly region of WA, and is a fashionable tourist destination for many Australians. Esperance is a beautiful coast town in the south and Exmouth is a very small town which is close to the Ningaloo Reef, a beautiful tourist destination. Other towns include Geraldton, which is great for surfing, Kalgoorlie, a mining town, and Port Hedland.
The majority of tourists come from the United Kingdom, Ireland, Singapore, Japan and Malaysia. Perth is a major tourist destination, having some of Australia's most beautiful beaches, exciting nightlife, large marketplaces, parks, dining and marine activities. Perth is situated next to the Swan River, and is close to the port city of Freemantle which is on the mouth of the Swan River. Freemantle's historic architecture contributes to it being a famous tourist destination. From Freemantle, it is only a short ferry ride to Rottnest Island.
Western Australia's economy has been largely based on mining and extraction of iron, alumina, natural gas, nickel and gold. Large amounts of alumina are extracted, with Western Australia making up 20% of the world's alumina. This state is also the world's largest iron-ore producer, making up 15% of the world's iron ore output. China makes up a large amount of the foreign demand, and has been highly beneficial for the economy of Western Australia. Perth is also a centre for the mineral, oil and gas industries.
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